Laurens Co., SC and Caldwell/Trigg/Lyon Co., KY

Rev. Dr. Doug Showalter -- dougshow@meganet.net

--Time Line--

==1717 [10 Oct] Land leased to John Mitchison [William Mitchusson's father??] in Prince Georges County, Maryland. [Located by: Bob Landram]

"folio 57/592 * Indenture, 10 Oct 1717
From: Notley Rozer, Gent. of Prince George's County
To: John Mitchison, planter of Prince George's County
A lease of part of the land called Admirathoria where Rozer now lives on the banks of the Potomac for 600 pounds of tobacco annually to be paid 10 Oct 1718 and yearly thereafter for 12 years -- /s/ Notley Rozer (seal)
Wit: John Nelson. Clare Green; enrolled 14 May 1718"
[Source: The Land Records of Prince George's County, Maryland [page 6] abstracted by Elise Greenup Jourdan, Knoxville, TN, Spring, 1991--Prince George's County Land Records, Archives of Maryland, 350 Rowe Boulevard, Annapolis, Maryland 21401.]

==1740-1759 District east of the Wateree River, known as Craven Co., began filling up with families from various places. Many came down the valley from Virginia to settle there. Some from lower parts of the state had summer homes here in the High Hills region.

==1749 [27 Jan] William Mitchusson signed a petition for a road in the High Hills of the Santee region in SC. [source: Glenn Martin, KY]

==1751/52 [2 Mar] William Mitcherson cited in a letter from Charles Hill to Mathew Toole, interpreter for the Catawba Indian Nation in SC:

Sir, the Bearer hereof, one of your Indians, has lost his horse a considerable time ago. As I suppose you know, it has been commonly reported that William Mitcherson has had a hand in conveying the same horse away, the truth of which I cannot tell, but this I can tell, that I saw a man at your house in the Nation that said he saw William Mitcherson have the abovesaid Indian's horse some time after he lost him, and I brought the man to the Indian but could not make him understand for want of linguester and my Company would not stay, so I came from the Nation and met with Long Ben, the Half Breed and told him the whole, which may be further inquired into, and the man's name found by the said Ben.
All from your most humble and very obedient servant, Chas. Hall
[P.S.] Joseph Clemens sold this Indian's horse to John Grubs. John Howell of Santee told Tears that Clemens stole his horese. Jos. Clemens lives at Broad River. That Clemens, he believes, run way and is now at Savannah Town. John Grubbs has the horse.
[Colonial Records of South Carolina, Documents relating to Indian Affairs, May 21, 1750-Aug 7, 1754, (ed.) William L. McDowell, Jr., 1958, p. 377]

==1753 In Craven Co., SC, the one land route Craven Co., SC to get produce to market in Charleston was made public. It had been an old Catawba trail running by the Wateree River. That road was the main thoroughfare between Camden and Charleston and was well traveled. Early settlers of the High Hills of the Santee built their homes near this road.

==1755 [17? Nov] William Mitchusson and wife Lucretia have child:
==Sometime in this period, William Mitchusson bought a 150 acre tract near Buck Horn Branch in Fairfield Co., SC, which was right in the middle of Fort Jackson on the east side of Columbia. He later sold that to buy property in 1758.

==1757 Area east of Wateree River, became St. Mark's Parish with representatives to the colony's Commons House of Assembly. Mark's church was built of brick and stone on 150 acres of land, and was located at Halfway Swamp.

==1758 William Mitchusson bought a 500 acre plantation in 1758 on the Broad River at Terrible Creek. This was almost due west of Winnsboro, the county seat of Fairfield County. As noted: 1758 [25? Oct] George Vansant of Berkley Co. to William Mitcherson 500 A. N-S Broad River Gr. to Nicholas Vansant. Wit: James Daniel, John Liles, before P[?l] Raiford, J. P. Fairfield H-59/60 Oct. 21, 1758
Gr. 1 Apr. 1756 to Nicholas Vansant--eldest son George Vansant conv. to William Mitcherson

==1759 [8 Oct] - 1760 [8 Jan] William Mitchuson participated in the Cherokee Expedition. Col. Richardson's men came mainly from Camden District of Craven County, some also were from the western area of Williamsburg County.
The Muster Roll of Captain James Leslie's Company, in the Regiment commanded by Colonel Richard Richardson, 3 months included the following:
No. 1, Captain, James Lesslie
No. 2, Ensign, William Mitchuson
No. 3-6, Serjeants
No. 7-14, Privates

==1760 [1 Feb] Cherokee Indians attacked the people [about 150/250] of Long Cane settlement [near the Savannah in what is now Abbeville Co.] as they were trying to move their families to Augusta, Georgia for safety. Twenty three settlers were killed [some estimates are higher], and another seventeen captured, in the attack by about 100 Indians. A Calhoun settlement was in this area, and some Calhoun family members were caught up in this attack.

==1761 [13 May] Permilia Ford, future wife of William's son William was born.
==1761 [2 July] Record of estate of William Mitchusson, presented for appraisal in Cravens Co., SC by his wife Lucretia.

==1769 SC cut into seven judicial districts: Charleston, Georgetown, Beaufort, Orangeburg, Cheraw, Camden and Ninety-Six. Territory east of Wateree was included in the Camden District.

==1776 [25 Mar] John Chew enlisted in the Fifth Regiment. N.A. 853.
==1776 [April] See below for Edward Mitchusson's own account of his Revolutionary War service at this time.

==1776 In the area of Spartanburg, SC, Captain James Ford and his wife were killed by Indians sympathetic with the British. Ford's daughters were taken captive by the Indians in this attack. Ford lived on the Enoree river near a placed called the Canebrake. Settlers sympathetic to the British sat beneath poles bound in white cloth, called "passovers." These were supposed to protect Tories from Indian attack, but Ford and his family were not so protected, even though they had a passover. Later, the daughters of Capt. Ford were freed from their captivity.
[Some Heroes of the American Revolution (In the SC Upper Country), Bailey, 1924; reprinted 1976, Southern History Press, Easley, SC, p. 224.]

NOTE: The above mentioned daughters were captured on 20 Jun 1776. It is said Cassandra Ford was one of those daughters captured.
QUESTION: Was the other captured daughter Permilia Ford, who soon after married William Mitchusson?? I think it likely is significant that Permelia and William Mitchusson named one of their male children James Ford Mitchusson, and that they named their next female child Cassander Mitchusson.

It is said that Cassandra Ford was born about 1761, and that she married William Ford [b: 25 Jan 1753, VA; d: 1834, near Eminence, {then} Shelby Co., KY] who was among those who rescued her from the Indians. William was said to be a son of John Ford and grandson of Thomas Ford of Fairfax Co., VA. It appears that Capt. James Ford was previously from MD, and possibly from Prince Georges Co. there.
Capt. James Ford [b: abt 1720, MD; d: 20 Jun 1776] is said to have left MD prior to 1768 when he purchased 150 acres in Craven Co., SC on the north bank of the Enoree River, at a place which came to be known as "Ford's Muster Grounds" or the "Cane Break." James was a Loyalist who served as Captain of the South Carolina Provincial Militia of the Upper or Sparta area of Ninety-Six District. He served under Col. Thomas Fletchall. It is said that James' mother was Hester Erwin, wife of Joseph Erwin of Prince Georges Co., MD.
The children of Capt. James and his wife are said to have been:
--Philip Ford [b: abt 1746, MD; d: 23 Apr 1783, Abbeville Co., SC] --m: Elizabeth Ford, daughter of John Ford.
--[??]Col. James Ford [b: 1748-49; d: 1808, Port Royal, Montgomery Co., TN] --m: Judah [Pennington?]
--Maj. John Ford [b: abt 1750-51, MD[?]; d: Greenville, SC] --m: Ann --?--
--Capt. Zadock Ford [b: abt 1752, MD[?]; d: 9 Apr 1801, Spartanburg Co., SC] --m: Cassander Trail in 1772. This couple had a son:
----------Zadock Ford [b: abt 1779] who married Cassandra Chew, and was living in Spartanburg Co., SC in 1820.
--William Ford [b: abt 1747[57?]; d: 1817] --m [2]: Margaret "Peggy" --?--.
--Cassandra Ford [noted above]
--[??]Permelia Ford [noted above]
[Source: Dorothy Neblett Perkins, also Eugene E. Trimble]

NOTE: The plot thickens. The above Cassandra Chew was a daughter of John Drury Chew who died in the Revolutionary War in 1780. William Mitchusson's brother, Edward, subsequently became Cassandra's guardian, before he moved to Livingston, KY in 1799. Zadock Ford Sr., father of Cassandra Chew's husband, Zadok Ford [Jr.] was a SC Revolutionary War soldier who knew Wm. Mitchusson, and sat on the first grand jury of Spartanburg, SC with William's brother Edward. I believe it is significant to note that William and Permelia Mitchusson named one of the children: Zadock Reece Mitchusson.
Also, it has been said that after Zadock Ford [Sr.] died, his wife Cassandra married William Prince, and accompanied him to TN, then Caldwell Co., KY..
AN INTRIGUING POINT: Capt. James Ford was said to have come from Prince Georges CO., MD. As you will note at the very beginning of this time line, a John Mitchison has been found in that county too, in 1717.

==1777 [19 June] William Mitchusson married PERMELIA FORD, known as "Millie."

==1778 [6 Sept] William Mitchusson and Permelia have their first child:

==1779 [27 Feb - 27 July] John Drury Chews serves as a captain of horse under Col. Williams. C.S.; A.A.1236A; X1320.

==1779 [March] - 1780 [May]
--Edward Mitchison served alternately under Capt. Benjamin Kilgore. He served in the militia under Cols. Casey and Roebuck before and after the fall of Charleston. At one time, he was an adjutant and acting captain by order of Col. White and Col. Roebuck. A.A.5282; x852; x3631; x3828; z295.
--William Mitchison served as a captain in the militia before and after the fall of Charleston. A.A. 5283; T149.
[Roster of South Carolina Patriots in American Revolution, Bobby Gilmer Moss, 1983, p. 688.]

==1780 [28 Jan] William Mitchusson and Permelia have second child:
==1780 [7 Feb] JOHN DRURY CHEW'S will executed at Abbeville, SC, Western Circuit, Clerk of Court Office, #181.

==1782 Tax list of Wilkes Co., NC of this year shows listed in the district of Captain Moses Guest:
Edward Michason--no land, but total property value of 371.
William Micheson--no land, but total property value of 170.
William is listed 16 households away from Edward. Neither is marked "S" which meant "single."
[Presumably they fled to North Carolina to avoid capture by the British.]
==1782 [20 April] William Mitchusson and Permelia have third child:
==1782 "Soon afterward [1782] the wife of William Prince died, and he returned to his native State [SC], whence he conducted to Prince's Station a second company of immigrants, among whom were James Ford and William Mitcherson."
[History of Tennessee, Nashville, The Goodspeed Publishing Co., 1886, p. 753.]

Francis, William, and Robert Prince from Spartanburg District, SC erected "Prince's Station" about 100 yards from the Cave Springs, near the junction of Sulphur Fork and Red River--one of the principle stations in the Cumberland-Red River area. [Along the Warioto: A History of Montgomery Co., TN. Ursula Smith Beach, 1964, pp. 22,23]

==1784 William Mitchusson and Permelia have their fourth child:

==1784-1786 William Mitchusson acquires land--300 acres "On Reedy River." Covers north side of Saluda River of Old Ninety-Six: presently at Register of Mesne Conveyance at Greenville County, SC Court House. [Book A, 1784-1786, p. 19]
[Patent Land Survey (Index of Land Acquisitions) 1770-1820 located in Greenville/Laurens/Newberry/ Spartanburg/Union Counties and parts of Old Ninety-Six District. Compiled by Alma Smith and Jean Owens, A Press, Inc., Greenville, SC, 1978, p.28]

==1785 [12 Mar] Laurens Co. made a district separate from Ninety-Six by General Assembly of SC. William Mitcherson listed among those "influential citizens" who were commissioned to survey the territory. This new district, previously part of Craven Co., was to "begin at the Island Ford, thence up Saluda River to the Indian Boundary, thence along the said boundary to Enoree River, thence to O'Dell's Ford, thence along the old road (Pearris Wagon Road) to the beginning."
==1785 [21 Mar] William Mitchusson commissioned Justice of the Laurens Co., Court.
==1785 William Mitchusson served as J.P. for land purchases involving Jacob Roberts Plantation on North Fork of Durbins Creek.
[Laurens County Deed Book H, p. 175]
==1785 [10 June] Certified for William Mitchuson, 500 Acres land surveyed 1 December 1794, in 96th District on branches of Gilders waters of Enoree River.
[SC State Plats, Vol. 35, p. 393]
==1785 [23 June] South Carolina Indented Certificate to compensate William Michison 146 pds, 13 shilling, and six pence three farthing for duty as Captain of the Militia. "Since...to the reduction of Charleston..." "Duty of Coll. Anderson's return"
[Annotation at certificate bottom: "Received 9 Feb 1786 full satisfactions for this indent by discount on the purchase of land."]
[Comp. Gen. Accts. and for Revolutionary War Service AA#5283: 21-24 -- Book F, No., 149]
==1785 [2 Sept] William Mitchison purchased 2065 acres--and other large parcels--of land in "??Light Traski," thus reducing state's Indent due him.
[Comp. Gen. Accts. and for Revolutionary War Service AA#5283: 21-24 -- Book F, No., 149]
==1785 [December, 3rd Monday?] Edward Mitchison chosen to serve on first grand jury of Spartanburg Co., SC. [Zadock Ford and William Prince also summoned.]
[History of Spartanburg Co., Dr. J.B. O. Landrum, 1985, p. 19]

--William Mitcheson land acquisition--396 acres "On Gilder's Creek branch of Enoree River"--Book C, 1785-1788, p. 188.
--Edward Mitchusson land acquisition--53 acres "North side of Enoree River"--Book C, 1785-1788, p. 200.

==1786 [April] "As early as April, 1786, JAMES FORD kept a ferry at the confluence of Red and Cumberland Rivers." [Montgomery Co., TN]
[Along the Warioto: A History of Montgomery Co., TN. Ursula Smith Beach, 1964, p. 56]
NOTE: It has been said that, though some have refuted it, that this James Ford was a notorious river pirate who led the "Ford Gang" at Cave-In-Rock, IL and that he died by execution for his crims on 5 Jul 1833. I theorized, under 1776 in this list, that Permelia Ford was the daughter of the Capt. James Ford who was killed by Indians on 20 June 1776.

==1787 [28 June] William Mitchusson and wife Permelia have their fifth child:
==1787 SC Land Grants:
--Edward Mitcheson 327, Vol. 18, LG1787
--Edward Mitcheson 335, Vol. 20, Class 02, LG1787
--John Mitcheson 066, Vol. 19 LG1787

==1788-99 William Mitcheson acquired land [Book D, 1788-1799]:
500 acres "Branch of Gilders Creek, water of Enoree River"--p. 301
21 acres "Gilders Creek water of Enoree River"--p. 299
50 acres "Peters Creek water of Enoree River"--p. 298
625 acres "Branch of Gilders Creek, water of Enoree River"-p. 298
[Patent Land Survey (Index of Land Acquisitions) 1770-1820 located in Greenville/Laurens/Newberry/ Spartanburg/Union Counties and parts of Old Ninety-Six District. Compiled by Alma Smith and Jean Owens, A Press, Inc., Greenville, SC, 1978]

==1789 William Mitchusson and wife Permelia have their sixth child:

==1790 Federal Census, Ninety-Six District, Laurens Co., South Carolina
EDWARD METCHERSON -- Males: 2[under16], 2[16and+]; Females: 5; Slaves: 13
WILLIAM MITCHERSON -- Males: 3[under16], 1[16and+]; Females: 4; Slaves: 6

==1790 [18 Nov]-1791 [21 Oct] Edward Mitchusson unto my brother Wm. Mitchusson for L800, 14 negroes.
Wit. Elijah Stevens, Benj. Norwood, James Satterfield, Charles Saxon, J.P.
[Laurens Co., SC, Deed Book D, p. 69]

==1791 [19 Mar] William Mitchusson and wife Permelia have their seventh child:
==1791 [30 May] Cassander Mitchusson dies.

==1792 [2 June] William Mitchusson and wife Permelia have their eighth child:

==1795 [2 Dec] William Mitchusson and wife Permelia have their ninth child:

==1796 [Apr] William Mitcherson appointed by John Sevier, Governor of Tennesse, to serve as Justice of the Peace of Montgomery Co.
==1796 [9 Apr] "The first Power of Attorney was recorded...when Eli Strickland authorized Colonel James Ford to act in conveyance of lands to William Mitcherson." [Montgomery Co., TN]
==1796 [4 Oct] The following were commissioned to serve in Montgomery County Regiment of the state Militia: Lieutenant Colonel, James Ford; Second Major, William Mitcheson.
[All male inhabitants 18-45 years old composed the Militia--based on laws of NC.]
Above three: [Along the Warioto: A History of Montgomery Co., TN. Ursula Smith Beach, 1964, pp. 344,84,345.]

==1798 [13 Nov] 200 acres of land surveyed, Certificate #3954, Survey #1480 for William Mitchison near Eddy Creek, presently near Eddyville, Lyon Co., KY. Chain carriers were John Ford and John Mitchison.
==1798 [14 Nov] 200 acres of land surveyed, Certificate #3953, Survey #1487 for John Mitchison near Eddy Creek, presently near Eddyville, Lyon Co., KY. Chain carriers were John Ford and William Mitchison.
==1798 [24 Nov] 200 acres of land surveyed, Certificate #4125, Survey #2277 for James T. White near Eddy Creek, presently near Eddyville, Lyon Co., KY. Chain carriers were John George and William Mitchison.
==1798 [27 Nov] Lucretia Mitchusson, third child of William and Permelia dies at age 16.
==1798 [18 Dec] 200 acres of land surveyed, Certificate #1437, Survey #1488 for James Satterfield near Eddy Creek, presently near Eddyville, Lyon Co., KY. Chain carriers were John Ford and William Mitchison.
The above four plots of land are adjacent, like an inverted "T" with James T. White's land being the pole.

==1798-1799 Settlers were led to Eddy's Grove area by William Prince who brought his large family here. Likely that many of the other families accompanying Prince here had previously been with him at Prince's station in Tennessee County, and prior to that in Spartanburg Co, SC. Like Prince, William Mitchison had lived near the Reedy River in SC.

==1799 [15 Mar] William Mitchusson and wife Permelia have their tenth child:
==1799 Tax of Christian Co., KY [shortly before Livingston Co. created from it] shows:
--EDWARD MITCHESON--6 blacks, 4 horses, 200 Acres
--WILLIAM MITCHESON--8 blacks, 4 horses, 200 Acres
[Kentucky Tax Records, from Register of Kentucky Historical Society, p. 27]
==1799 [14 Dec] William Mitchusson commissioned Major, 2nd Battalion, 24th Regiment, Livingston Co., Kentucky "Corn Stalk" Militia.
[With certain exceptions, all free males ages 18-45, having lived in the state for at least 3 months, were obligated to serve in this militia. Lacking rifles, they sometimes dirrled with corn stalks.]
[The "Corn Stalk" Militia of Kentucky 1792-1811, Livingston Co., Regiments, Glenn Clift, p. 115.]

--1800 Federal Census shows:
Edward Mitcheson, Livingston Co., KY
John Mitcheson, Livingston Co., KY
William Mitcheson, Livingston Co., KY

--1810 Federal Census shows:
--John Mitcheson, Caldwell Co., KY
--Edward Mitchasson, Caldwell Co., KY
--William Mitchasson, Caldwell Co., KY

--1820 Federal Census shows:
--E. Mitchisson, Caldwell Co., KY

--1830 Federal Census shows:
--Frances Mitcherson, Caldwell Co., KY
--James F. Mitcherson, Caldwell Co., KY
--William Mitcherson, Caldwell Co., KY
--N.E. Mitcheson, Shelby Co., KY

--1840 Federal Census shows:
--Drury Mitchasson, Caldwell Co., KY
--Z.F. Mitchison, Trigg Co., KY
--Elijah S. Mitchusson, Caldwell Co., KY
--James F. Mitchusson, Caldwell Co., KY

--1850 Federal Census shows:
--W.S. Mitchenson, Shelby Co., KY
--Drewry C. Mitcherson, Trigg Co., KY
--Z. F. Mitcherson, Trigg Co., KY
--Abram T. Mitchersson, Caldwell Co., KY
--James F. Mitchersson, Caldwell Co., KY
--Abram J./G.? Mitchisson, Caldwell Co., KY
--Elijah Mitchisson, Caldwell Co., KY
--Drury C. Mitchusson, Caldwell Co., KY
--Elijah S. Mitchusson, Caldwell Co., KY
--James F. Mitchusson, Caldwell Co., KY

==1861-1863 Sometime in this period, Drury C. Mitcherson served as a 2nd Lieutenant of KY Calvary, 3rd Regiment, Company B.

Edward Mitchusson's Revolutionary War Service

1. Edward Mitchusson's Own Account, given May 1818 in court:
"An Indigent Rev. soldier personally appeared in order to be heard respecting his being entitled to the benefits etc. and being duly sworn testifies and says that sometime in April 1775 or 1776 he enlisted in Col. Isaac Hughes Corps. Cont. Troops under Capt. Francis Prince that he was in the army of Charleston at the time of the attack on Sullivant Island by Sir Peter Parker that he marched from there under Co., Thos. Sumpter to the frontier where he served until his time expired hwne he was discharged having duly served for 12 or 18 months but the exact time he cannot now ascertain that his discharge has been long since lost." [Caldwell County, KY, Order Book B, P. 238]

2. Encyclopedia of Continental Army, Fred Anderson Berg, 1972, pp. 112-113.
5TH SOUTH CAROLINA REGIMENT (1st South Carolina Rifles)
Commander: Colonel Isaac Huger
Commissioned 16 Sept 1776 to 9 Jan 1777. On February 21, 1776 the Provincial Congress voted to create a regiment of expert riflemen which was to serve until June 1, 1777...On March 25, 1776 this regiment was accepted for Continental service and on September 20, 1776 it was turned over to Continental command. The regiment's term of service was extended and it remained until broken up over the winter of 1779-1780.
6TH SOUTH CAROLINA REGIMENT (2nd South Carolina Rifles)
Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Sumter
This corps was authorized by the Provincial Congress on February 28, 1776. On September 20, 1776 the regiment was placed under Continental control. The regiment broke up in the winter of 1779-1780.

3. WPA Project, Writer's Guide to South Carolina, p. 374.
"General Thomas Sumter (1734-1832) a Virginian, came to SC October 28, 1762, and later settled as a planter on the Santee River. Member of the provincial congress, and during the Revolution served the American cause with distinction. When his home was burned by the British, Sumter escaped to North Carolina. Later he organized a band of upper South Carolinians, a motley group of men clad in hunting shirts, deerskin breeches, Indian moccasins, and animal skin caps, whose weapons were anything from pitchforks to hunting knives. Their highly effective guerrilla warfare brought epithets from a harassed Cornwallis and earned Sumter the nom da guerre 'Gamecock' of the Revolution.
[Sumter is buried in Stateburg, a couple of miles from High Hills of the Santee Church.]"

With special thanks to Co-Researchers of these MITCHUSSON families:

Rev. Dr. Douglas K. Showalter

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